Becoming carbon neutral is ensuring an equal balance between emissions produced and emissions ‘taken out’ of the atmosphere.
The UK has a set target to be carbon neutral by 2050, however the council is aiming to achieve this goal by 2030.
Becoming carbon neutral should primarily be achieved through a rapid reduction in carbon emissions, any remaining emissions that cannot be reduced will need to be offset through for example carbon credits or sequestration through rewilding or corporations may utilise carbon capture and storage.
However, the aim is to reduce emissions as much as possible and only hard or impossible to remove emissions are offset.
Very often the terms carbon neutral and net zero are used in the same context.